10 foods that dogs and cats should not eatWe gather around the Thanksgiving table and our pets naturally follow us. We want to include them in the feast, but… STOP! Many foods we eat during the holidays can be toxic to our pets, particularly dogs, who tend to be nosier than cats, says Dr. Ayeley Okine, an Internal Medicine specialist at SAGE Concord. Here’s a list of forbidden foods.

We’ve included a few that are generally ok to share at the end of this post.

Forbidden foods

Turkey brine

With its mix of salt, sugar and spices, turkey brine can cause salt toxicity in dogs. Salt toxicity can cause vomiting, diarrhea, increased thirst and urination, and neurological signs. Large exposures can be potentially fatal.

Leftovers

We splurge when we cook holiday foods, adding spoonfuls of butter, oil, and seasonings to make everything more delicious. Generally speaking, leftovers are not healthy for dogs or cats to consume. High-fat foods can cause gastrointestinal inflammation and pancreatic inflammation (pancreatitis) leading to vomiting, diarrhea, poor appetite, and dehydration. While these signs can range from mild to severe, these conditions, especially pancreatitis, can be life threatening and lead to bleeding problems and multiple organ failure. Both dogs and cats can suffer from pancreatitis. Patients treated early and aggressively often recover, but some patients need to be hospitalized.

As the days pass, leftovers can grow mold, which can cause liver toxicity in dogs. Bacteria in these foods, especially raw foods, can lead to gastrointestinal infections and signs of systemic illness. Bones and any containers that food is stored in are especially dangerous, as they can lead to foreign body obstructions in the gastrointestinal tract.

Garlic and Onions

Garlic and onions can cause anemia in dogs and cats. Don’t give your pets foods that have been cooked with garlic or onions. Garlic and onion powder are often more toxic than garlic and onion themselves.

Alcohol

Keep pets away from the punch bowl! We see the same clinical symptoms in pets after they consume alcohol that we would in humans: lack of coordination, vomiting, diarrhea, and depression of the central nervous system that can lead to a decreased rate of breathing and heart rate, and loss of consciousness.

Raw foods

Raw bread dough can cause dogs to bloat. Other raw foods, like meat and eggs, can be a cause for concern if they are contaminated with bacteria, particularly salmonella, Dr. Okine says.

Chocolate

Any type of dark chocolate, milk chocolate, and especially cocoa powder is very toxic to dogs. Cats are also susceptible, but seem to be less curious about chocolate and cocoa.

Blame chocolate’s toxicity on theobromine, a chemical related to caffeine. When pets get into chocolate, they can experience everything from hyperactivity to signs of stomach upset to cardiac conduction disturbances (problems with the electrical impulses of the heart).

White chocolate is not toxic, since it contains only sugar and no theobromine, but we still do not recommend giving to pets.

Grapes and raisins

Grapes make decorative garnishes on cheese platters, and raisins can be found in stuffings, breads and other holiday fare. Keep your dogs away from these foods—even a few grapes or raisins can wreak havoc on a dog’s health. Raisins and grapes may also be toxic to cats, but reports are limited.

Dr. Okine says the reasons behind grape and raisin toxicity is something of a mystery to veterinarians. The chemical leading to the toxicity remains unknown. Each dog has a different threshold for how much of these foods it can consume before it experiences kidney damage and kidney failure. If your dog ingests grapes or raisins, we recommend that you treat it as a medical emergency and seek veterinary treatment as soon as possible.

Xylitol

This artificial sweetener is found in a wide range of foods, like peanut butter, and non-foods, like chewing gum or sugar-free candy. Xylitol causes increased insulin release in dogs, which can cause low blood sugar. It can also cause liver toxicity.

Generally acceptable foods

Dr. Okine recommends that pet owners talk to their primary veterinarians about any special dietary needs or sensitivities their pet may have before giving them people food. But, generally speaking, dogs and cats can eat these foods:

Apples

Carrots

Strawberries

Blueberries

Bananas

Watermelon (seedless)

Spinach

Lettuce

Broccoli (in very small amounts)

Cauliflower

Sweet potato

Pumpkin

Corn

Peas

Green Beans

Eggs

Rice/Pasta

Popcorn (unsalted, unbuttered)

Of course, if these foods are sautéed in butter or oil (making them high in fat) or cooked with garlic or onions, they move back to the forbidden list. Generally speaking, it is recommended to keep treats to a minimum for both cats and dogs to prevent excessive weight gain and to minimize nutritional imbalances.

For additional helpful information, visit the SAGE Advice section.